What Are the Common Types of Industrial Lubricants?

You might be wondering what the different kinds of industrial lubricants are. Oil, grease, and penetrating lubricants are all critical, but what are their differences? This article will discuss what makes each type different and which ones you should use in your industry. We’ll also discuss the advantages of each kind. Here are a few examples.


There are several types of lubricants for different industries, but they all have a primary function: lubricating machinery. They include mineral oil distillates and synthetic oils, which are manufactured artificially. These oils have better uniformity, purity, and enhanced properties than mineral oils. However, semi-synthetic oils are more expensive per volume.

While the common types of industrial lubricant Richmond, VA, comprise a majority of base oil, they may contain additives that provide specific performance benefits. Generally, most fats are made from two base oils: Group II base oil and Group III base oil. Group II base oil is pushed through solvent dewaxing or hydrocracking processes. These oils have superior anti-oxidant properties, making them a popular choice for lubrication. Group III base oils are made of naphthenic oils. Synthetic hydrocarbons can also be used in the manufacture of petroleum-derived lubricants.

Oil-based lubricants consist of 95% base oil and 5% additives. Greases and pastes contain base oils and additives. Waxes are made of synthetic hydrocarbons, water, and emulsifying agent. They become a liquid when the temperature rises. For these reasons, they are used in biomedical and medical applications. However, no lubricant is perfect for all types of machines.


There are two basic types of industrial lubricants: grease and oil. Grease comprises a liquid lubricant and thickener, most often a soap. Grease is usually semisolid at room temperature but liquefies at a temperature below its drop point. These two types of greases differ in rheological properties and temperature drops.

Oils and greases are the most commonly used in industry. These lubricants can be classified by their viscosity index and ability to resist water, heat, and certain chemicals. In addition, neutralized Oils can be categorized by the pH value, which measures the acidity or basicity of the substance. For example, grease has a pH value of 6.5; it is neutralized by hydrochloric acid, while oil with a pH of 4.5 is essential.

Industrial lubricants can be liquid, semisolid, dry, or gaseous. They are essential to mechanical systems because they balance primary and secondary functions while reducing friction. For optimal performance, manufacturers recommend using different lubricants for specific applications. The most common fats are grease, mineral oils, and vegetable oils. They can also be combined to make a complex blend of chemicals.

Penetrating lubricants

Penetrating oils are made of a combination of lubricating oil and surface-active agents. Adding water-based liquid detergents displaces and maintains the oxide coat produced by corrosion. The addition of viscosity and volatility controllers regulates fluid characteristics. The penetrating oil works on frozen surfaces and maintains lubrication between parts. This lubricant is beneficial in the production of abrasives and adhesives.

High solvency oils quickly penetrate metals, providing fast lubrication and cleaning. Silicone provides lubrication. This lubricant is also effective on a wide range of metals, especially those in coastal environments. Penetrating oils are available in various strengths and viscosities and are priced per case. If you are looking for an excellent all-around penetrating oil, WD-40 Specialist Penetrant Spray is a good choice. This lubricant contains compounds specifically designed to loosen rusted metal and corroded components.

Some penetrating oils are volatile. This means that they can burn, but they can also be flammable. The lower the flashpoint, the less volatile the penetrant oil is. This is an essential feature for electric applications. However, high temperatures can lead to arcing. Fortunately, penetrating oils are often made from synthetic materials, which have higher flashpoints than straight oils. However, even the best penetrating oils have a flashpoint, which measures how much fluid can withstand.